Commitment, Concentration, Duty, Employee, Organization and Online Social Networks (OSNs)


Nigeria Labour Act under chapter 198 of 2004 states categorically the duty of employer of labour to provide employee’s with duties and tools to work with. In the quest to ensure this, most employers of labour often provide employee’s with computer system and internet facilities hoping this will facilitate their effective discharge of duties but reverse is the case as this study reveals what average employees use their official work hour for which now constitute distractions and interruption to their primary task. This research was conducted to determine the impact of online social networking (OSNs) on employee’s commitment to duties in the private and public organizations in Lagos State, Nigeria. Two (2) organizations constitute the population of study involving a total number of 100 respondents consisting of 40 senior staff and 60 junior staff whom were picked at random, as sample. The data was collected through the use of questionnaire and simple frequency distribution was used for the analysis. Findings were made and recommendations were put forward on how to manage unproductive online social networking during office hours. It was however concluded that online social networking cannot be stopped but managed to yield positive result for the organization

Full Text : PDF

  1. Baron, R. S. (1986) Distraction-conflict theory: Progress and problems. Advances in experimental social psychology, 19(1986), 1-39. 
  2. Becker, Thomas E., Donna M. Randall, and Carl D. Riegel. (1995) The Multidimensional View of Commitment and the Theory of Reasoned Action: A Comparative Evaluation. Journal of Management 21(4): 617–38.
  3. Boyd, D and Ellison, N.B. (2008) Social network sites: Definition, history and scholarship. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 13(1), 210-380. Retrieved from:
  4. Last access: December 16, 2012. 
  5. Cairns, L.G. and Malloch, M.E. (2008) ‘Learning, work and places: Exploring workplace learning’. Unpublished manuscript under review.
  6. Groff, B. D., Baron, R. S., & Moore, D. L. (1983) Distraction, attentional conflict, and drivelike behavior. Journal of Experimental School Psychology, 19, 359–380. 
  7. Henri, F. (1949) General and Industrial Management. University of Michigan. Pitman Publishers.
  8. Jett, Q. R. & George, J.M. (2003) Work interrupted: A closer look at the role of interruptions in organizational life. Academy of Management Review, 28(3), 494-507.
  9. Kuper, A and Kuper, J. (1996) The Social Sciences Encyclopedia. London: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.
  10. Lee, S. and Dorothy, O. (2001) An Examination of Variations in the Nature of Employee Commitment between Paid Employees and Volunteers: Understanding Different Motivational Bases in the Public Sector. Paper presented at the 62nd ASPA National Conference, March 10–13, Newark, New Jersey. 114 Public Administration Review, September, Vol. 62, Special Issue
  11. Martinez, M. M. & Wartman, K. L. (2009) Online social networking on campus: Understanding what matters in student culture. New York: Routledge.
  12. Mathieu, J. E., and Zajac, D.M (1990) A Review and Meta-Analysis of the Antecedents, Correlates, and Consequences of Organizational Commitment. Psychological Bulletin 108(2): 171–94.
  13. Meyer, J. and Allen, N. (1997) Commitment in the Workplace: Theory, Research and Application. Sage Publications.
  14. Meyer, J. P., Natalie J. A. and Catherine A. S. (1993) Commitment to Organizations and Occupations: Extension and Test of a Three-Component Conceptualization. Journal of Applied Psychology 78(4): 538–51.
  15. Molendijk, I.M (2011) Flexible Workers: How about their distractions and concentration? A quantitative study in a general New Way of Work setting. An unpublished MSc thesis 
  16. Morrow, P. C. (1983) Concept Redundancy in Organizational Research: The Case of Work Commitment. Academy of Management Review 8(3): 486–500.
  17. Mowday, R. T., Lyman W. P. and Richard M. S. (1982) Employee-Organization Linkages: The Psychology of Commitment, Absenteeism, and Turnover. New York: Academic Press.
  18. Mowday, R. T., Steers, R. M. and Porter, L. W. (1979) The Measurement of Organizational Commitment. Journal of Vocational Behavior 14(2): 43–77.
  19. Nyhan, R. C. (1999) Increasing Affective Organizational Commitment in Public Organizations. Review of Public Personnel Administration 19(3): 58–70.
  20. Perlow, L.A. (1999) The Time Famine: Toward a Sociology of Work Time. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44(1), 57-81.
  21. Porter, L. W., Richard M. S., Richard T. M. and Paul V. B. (1974) Organizational Commitment, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover among Psychiatric Technicians. Journal of Applied Psychology 59(5): 603–9.
  22. Sanders, G. S., Baron, R. S., & Moore, D. L. (1978) Distraction and social comparison as mediators of social facilitation effects. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 14(3), 291-303
  23. Speier, C., Vessey, I., & Valacich, J. S. (2003) The effects of interruptions, task complexity, and information presentation on computer-supported decision-making performance. Decision Sciences, 34(4), 771-797.