International Journal of Business and Economic Development


General Informtion For Authors

Statement of editorial policies

The IJBED is a scholarly and refereed journal that provides an authoritative source of information for scholars, academicians, and professionals in the fields of business and economic development. The journal promotes the advancement, understanding, and practice of business & retail management. Manuscripts offering theoretical, conceptual, and practical contributions are encouraged.

The Scope of the Journal

As a publisher The Academy of Business & Retail Management(ABRM) has substantial experience of journal publishing and pioneering new journals.

Our philosophy is to map new frontiers in emerging and developing business areas in research, industry and governance, and to link with centres of excellence world-wide to provide authoritative coverage in specialist fields.

Our goal is to foster and promote innovative thinking in business, retail and management fields. We collaborate with numerous field rather than segment into specific areas of research. Hence, our objectives are to build new links, networks and collaborations between the global communities of researchers in order to stimulate and enhance creativity.

Our continued success lies in bringing together research dimensions to encourage industry and public sector growth throughout the world. Thus, research on global businesses and international retail management are highly within the areas of our interest. Similarly, expert opinions and professional commentaries are also published in order to set collaborative directions for the future researchers.

ABRM therefore prides itself in ensuring the high quality and professional standards expected of its journals by pursuing a full double-blind refereeing process for all articles submitted to it for publication.

Formal condition of acceptance


1. Papers will only be published in English.
2. Each typescript must be accompanied by a statement that it has not been submitted for publication elsewhere in English.
3. Previous presentation at a conference, or publication in another language, should be disclosed.
4. All papers are refereed, and the Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to refuse any manuscript, whether on invitation or otherwise, and to make suggestions and/or modifications before publication.
5. Manuscripts which have been accepted become the property of ABRM. It is a condition of acceptance that copyright shall be vested in ABRM, the publisher. Kindly refer to our Copyright statement
6. ABRM shall furnish authors of accepted papers with proofs for the correction of printing errors. The proofs shall be returned within 14 days of receiving the suggested corrections. ABRM shall not be held responsible for errors which are the result of authors' oversights

Peer Review Process

ABRM places great emphasis on the quality of the articles it publishes; and therefore, a full double - blind refereeing process is used in which:


• Papers are sent to 2 experts for their peer review.
• The reviewers' recommendations determine whether a paper will be accepted / accepted subject to change / subject to resubmission with significant changes / rejected.
• For papers which require changes, the same reviewers will be used to ensure that the quality of the revised article is acceptable.

Manuscript submission procedures

Authors are invited to submit original research papers, case studies, reviews, work in progress reports, abstracts, students' papers or research proposals within the broad scope of the Journal. The following guidelines must be adhered to when submitting the papers:

  • 1. Papers should be submitted to the Editor-in-Chief electronically through the online system as e-mail attachment to editor@abrmr.com
  • 2. If electronic media is not available, the original paper may be submitted on standard CD to the Editor by using full postal address which is, The Academy of Business & Retail Management, 183 Exeter Road, Harrow, Middlesex, HA2 9PG.
  • 3. Papers are to be submitted as MS Word documents for Windows.
  • 4. The font to be used is Book Antiqua.
  • 5. Major and secondary headings must be Bold, left-justified and in title case.
  • 6. The text font size is 12, headings-16 and sub-headings-14.
  • 7. The body of the papers should be single spaced.

The front page, i.e. page 1 of the manuscript must be organised as follows:

  • Title of the Article
  • Author (s) name (s) and their Organisation’s name
  • Key words
  • A brief abstract (maximum 250 words, font 12 and in italics) and
  • Part of the Introduction on the remaining space of the front page

Then page 2 onwards:

  • The rest of the introduction
  • Main body of the paper
  • Discussions and conclusions
  • Research limitations and direction for further research
  • References
  • Appendices (if any)

8. Footnotes should not be used.

9. The articles should preferably be limited to 15 pages in length (including references and appendices). After which, £10 is charged for each extra page.

10. Illustrations, graphs, tables and figures must be kept to the minimum. They should be numbered and inserted into the document in the preferred location. When preparing figures please ensure that they maintain the electronically reproducible format.

11. Acknowledgement must be given to sources of material taken elsewhere using the Harvard style regardless of whether it is a direct quotation or expressed in the author’s own words.

12. All authors must sign an author’s consent form stating clearly that the paper is an original work and that it has not been submitted to any other publication previously in its present form.

Thank you for reading these notes. This assignment will enable ABRM to ensure that the Article will reach the optimum readership.

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