Knowledge economy, Women’s participation, Labor market, Information and Commu-nication Technology (ICT).


Purpose: To examine the influence and participation of women in the labor market by the know-ledge economy; in negative or positive manner.

Methodology: Quantitative research technique has been implied to evaluate women’s participa-tion in the labor market to minimize negative impacts of knowledge economy.

Findings: Within the service and agricultural sectors, the outcomes demonstrated that knowledge economy is found to have a significant impact on the participation of women’s labor force. The only drawback that discourages the employment of women is the concept of culture and social norms.

Practical Implications: A higher participation of females in computer science, engineering and technology-oriented jobs would spur innovation and economic advances in all countries. Origi-nality Statement: The research also depicted procedures to accomplish women’s participation as a fundamental requirement for the achievement of developmental goals.

Full Text : PDF

  • Addabbo, T., Rodríguez Modroño, P. and Gálvez-Muñoz, L., 2013. Gender and the Great Recession: Changes in labor supply in Spain. Universitá di Modena Reggio Emilia, DEMB Working Paper Series, 10.
  • Alam, S.I., 1998. Role of Women in Decision Making and Economic Contribution at Household Level. Journal of International Affairs, 4(1), p.13.
  • Antonio, A. and Tuffley, D., 2014. The gender digital divide in developing countries. Future Internet, 6(4), pp.673-687. Doi: 10.3390/fi6040673
  • Arslan, İ., 2012. Knowledge Economy And Effect On Women’S Employment In Turkey.
  • Asongu, S.A., 2015. Knowledge Economy Gaps, Policy Syndromes, and Catch-Up Strategies: Fresh South Korean Lessons to Africa. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, pp.1-43. DOI: 10.1007/s13132-015-0321-0
  • Contreras, D., Kruger, D., Ochoa, J. and Zapata, D. 2007. The role of social networks in employment outcomes of Bolivian women. University of Chile, Department of Economics...
  • Creswell, J.W., 2013. Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publications.
  • Doepke, M. and Tertilt, M., 2014. Does female empowerment promote economic development? (No. w19888). National Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Gaddis, I. and Klasen, S. 2014. Economic development, structural change, and women’s labor force participation. Journal of Population Economics, 27(3), pp.639-681.DOI: 10.1007/s00148-013-0488-2
  • Glass, J. and Nath, L.E. 2006. Religious conservatism and women’s market behavior following marriage and childbirth. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68(3), pp.611-629.DOI: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00278.x
  • Gorbachev, O., 2016. Has the Increased Attachment of Women to the Labor Market Changed a Family's Ability to Smooth Income Shocks?. The American Economic Review, 106(5), pp.247-251.
  • Joseph, S. and Slyomovics, S. eds., 2011. Women and power in the Middle East. University of Pennsylvania Press...
  • Kandiyoti, D. 2001. The politics of gender and the conundrums of citizenship. In: Joseph, S and Slymovics, S, (eds.), Women and Power in the Middle East, University of Pennsylvania Press (USA), 52-58
  • Kearney, M.L., 2017. Whither Women Graduates in the Knowledge Economy?. In The Changing Role of Women in Higher Education (pp. 3-30). Springer International Publishing. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-42436-1_1
  • Lim, L.L. 2002. Female Labor-force Participation. Retrieved from:
  • Moghadam, V. 2015. Gender and globalization: Female labor and women’s mobilization. Journal of world-systems research, 5(2), pp.366-389. DOI:
  • OECD, 2007. Gender and Sustainable Development: Maximizing the Economic, Social and Environmental Role of Women. Retrieved from:
  • OECD, 2014. Gender Equality and Women’s Rights in the Post 2015 Agenda: A Foundation for Sustainable Development. Retrieved from:
  • OECD, 2015. Fostering Equity in Higher Compendium of Practical Case Studies: Promoting Female Participation in STEM, OECD Higher Education Program. Retrieved from:
  • Office for National Statistics ONS 2012, 2013. Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings Provisional Result. Retrieved from:
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2005). OECD SME and entrepreneurship outlook. OECD.
  • Orient Planet. 2014. Arab Knowledge Economy Report. Retrieved from:
  • The Department For Business, Innovation And Skills. (2012). Small Business Survey: Businesses led by Women and Ethnic Minorities. Retrieved from: http://
  • United Nations. 2014. UN Woman, Annual Report, 2014-2015. Retrieved from:
  • United Nations. 2014. United Nations entity for gender equality and the empowerment of women. Retrieved from:
  • World Bank. 2009. The Status & Progress of Women in the Middle East & North Africa. World Bank, Middle East and North Africa Social and Economic Development Group. Washington.