Manuscript submission guidelines


All submissions, including case studies, book reviews, letters to the editor, should be submitted online on the journal’s submission website. Articles are reviewed on the understanding that they are submitted solely to this journal. If accepted, they may not be published elsewhere in full or in part without the Editors’ permission.  Authors are invited to submit original research papers, case studies, reviews, within the broad scope of the journal.

The following guidelines must be adhered to when submitting the papers: 
No manuscript will be accepted without the Required Format. All manuscripts should be professionally proofread before the submission, with particular attention paid to the quality and accuracy of the paper’s use of English, as well as precision in respect of paragraphing and punctuation usage.  
  1. Introduction
Manuscript should be written in English and be submitted to the Editor-in-Chief via the online submission system or electronically through the online system as an e-mail attachment to
The author(s) must prepare their file in MS Word format or any other equivalent format, PDF and other format will not be accepted.
In the case of online submission through the manuscript submission portal, the entire paper must be submitted in ONE document.
No inclusion of any institutional graphics or logos.
Documents must be tidy and not show any history of tracked changes or comments.
No changes in the paper title, abstract, authorship, and actual paper can be made after the submission deadline.
  2. General Manuscript Guidelines
    a) Margin: Set the paper size to A4 with 2.2cm on all sides (Top, bottom, left, right.)
    b) Font size and type: The fonts to be used are Book Antiqua in 11 point pitch. Main headings-14 and subheadings-12. Please use BOLD for paper title.
    c) Headings: Major and secondary headings must be BOLD, left-justified and in lower case.
    d) Spacing and punctuation: Space once after commas, colons and semicolons within sentences. The body of the papers should be single spaced.
    e) Line spacing: Single spaced throughout the paper, including the title page, abstract, body of the document, tables, figures, diagrams, pictures, references and appendices.
    f) Length of the Paper: The paper length should not exceed 15 pages maximum including figures, tables, references and appendices.
    g) Paragraphing: A blank line between paragraphs should be left without indent.
    h) Footnotes/endnotes: Please do not use any footnotes/endnotes.
    i) Nothing should be underlined and do not use any borders.
  3. Structure of the Manuscript
    3.1 Cover page: The cover page of the manuscript must be organised as follows: 
Title of the Article (Maximum 30 words) –Paper title to be centred on the page, uppercase and lowercase letters, Font size 14, bold.  
Author (s) name (s): Uppercase and lowercase letters, centred on the line following the title, font size 12, bold  
Institutional affiliation: Author(s) affiliation and contact details: (all author(s)’ full names, current affiliations, correct email addresses, and postal addresses).  
Authors note: Provide information about the author`s departmental affiliation, acknowledgment for any financial and non-financial assistance, mailing address for correspondence, email addresses for all co-authors.  
Key words:  Maximum 6 key words in alphabetical order.  

3.2  Abstract: The abstract is a self-contained summary of the most important elements of the paper. It intends to capture the interest of a potential reader of your paper. An abstract should addressed the following:

Purpose of the research  
Practical implications and Conclusions  

The following guidelines should be adhered:

    Pagination: The abstract begins on a new page.
Heading: Upper and lower case letters with 12 font size bold and align text to the left.  
Length and format:  Maximum 300 words.  
Do not include any citations, figures or tables in your abstract.  
    3.3 Body of the manuscript

From the next section (after the Abstract), the rest of manuscript should be organised and the main body of the paper can be divided into sections and sub-sections. Sections and sub-sections should be numbered and should be typed in BOLD. The manuscript should be organised as follows:

The Introduction  
Literature review  
Research methodology  
Discussions and conclusions  
Limitations and direction for future research  
    3.4 Use of Table, Figures and Equations
All tables are to be centred and numbered sequentially, with their title centred below the table. Tables/figures should be places within the text as required.  
All tables/figures/diagrams must be placed in the main manuscript (within the text) and cannot be submitted as separate files or do not include after the references  
All figures must be reproduced black and white. A good quality graphic software to be used and figures are to be centred with the caption to be centred below the figure.  
All equations must be typeset with the same word processor and type in Mathtype (please visit the website at for free limited trial).  
All figures, diagrams should be converted into JPEG with high resolution.  
Any sums of money quoted in a local currency that is not the US dollar should have the equivalent in US dollars quoted in brackets after them.  
  4. References

Author(s) are requested to follow the Harvard style of referencing. Further guidelines can be found on:

The Harvard System of referencing should be used for all manuscript(s) submitted to ABRM`s Conferences and Journals for all sources. All sources should be listed together; there should not be separate lists for books, journal articles and electronic sources. Making a list of what you have used must be appropriate to the type of source used; the details you need to record will vary according to the source. Please also note the following in relation to the references:
Please use the word “references” not “Bibliography”.
Please ensure to cite each reference in the text at an appropriate place. A complete reference list should be provided for every in-text citation.
Do not include any references that you have not cited in the text.
Your reference list should not be numbered (i.e. 1,2,3---)
Cite sources written in different language: Use both original title and a translated title.
  5. Self-Referencing

This is actively discouraged by the Editorial Board, and thus is best avoided in papers being submitted for consideration for publication in this journal. 

  6. Permission

Permission to reproduce copyright material, for print and online publication in perpetuity, must be cleared and if necessary paid for by the author. Evidence in writing that such permission has been secured from the rights-holder must be made available to the editors. It is also the author's responsibility to include acknowledgements as stipulated by the particular institutions.

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